BRL: Braille through Remote Learning


BRL Courses
  • Introduction to Braille
  • Transcribers Course
  • Special Codes Course

    BRL Reference Desk
  • Summary of Rules
  • Contractions Lookup
  • Contractions List
  • Braille only contractions
  • Problem Words
  • Webster's Dictionary
  • Braille Formats (BANA rules for transcribing textbooks)
  • Reading List

    Other Resources
  • Contact instructor
  • Online gradebook
  • Flashcard program (Java)
  • Downloadable Software
  • Braille Supplies

    Other Links
  • American Printing House for the Blind (APH)
  • Braille Authority of North America (BANA)
  • National Braille Association (NBA)
  • National Library Service (NLS, Library of Congress)

  • Text Version

    8. Rules for use of lower sign contractions

    1. Any number of lower-sign contractions and punctuation signs may follow one another without a space provided that one of them is in contact with a character containing dot 1 or dot 4.
      "(to)(dis)(en)tangle (by)re(in)-
      (con)t(in)(en)tal c(ar)n(ation)

    2. When two or more unspaced lower-sign contractions would follow one another and not be in contact with an upper sign, the last lower-sign contraction must not be used. the italic sign is not considered an upper sign.
      (com)in' (dis)en-

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