BRL: Braille through Remote Learning


BRL Courses
  • Introduction to Braille
  • Transcribers Course
  • Special Codes Course

    BRL Reference Desk
  • Summary of Rules
  • Contractions Lookup
  • Contractions List
  • Braille only contractions
  • Problem Words
  • Webster's Dictionary
  • Braille Formats (BANA rules for transcribing textbooks)
  • Reading List

    Other Resources
  • Contact instructor
  • Online gradebook
  • Flashcard program (Java)
  • Downloadable Software
  • Braille Supplies

    Other Links
  • American Printing House for the Blind (APH)
  • Braille Authority of North America (BANA)
  • National Braille Association (NBA)
  • National Library Service (NLS, Library of Congress)

  • Text Version

    11. Double-letter contractions bb, cc, dd, ff, and gg and the Contraction ea

    1. Are subject to the general rules for the use of contractions and to the rules for lower-sign contractions.
    2. May be used only between letters and/or contractions within a word. May never begin or end a word.
      ru(bb)(ed) g(gg)s ea(ch)
      sni(ff)s m(ea)n ea(st)
      tea cuff add

    3. May not overlap a major syllable division, but may overlap a minor syllable division if this does not obscure recognition of the word.
      dumbbell a(ff)ect wiseacre
      di(gg)(er) readju(st) oc(ea)n
      a(cc)ept cr(ea)te p(er)mea(ble)
      h(ea)dress id(ea)s a(gg)regate
      a(dd)ress mileage efface

    4. May never be in contact with the apostrophe or the hyphen.
      diff'r(en)t ebb-tide a(dd)(ed).
      (sh)(er)iff's cuff-l(in)k add-
      s(ou)'ea(st) cr(ea)te sea-isl(and)
      e(gg)plant egg-

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