BRL: Braille through Remote Learning


BRL Courses
  • Introduction to Braille
  • Transcribers Course
  • Special Codes Course

    BRL Reference Desk
  • Summary of Rules
  • Contractions Lookup
  • Contractions List
  • Braille only contractions
  • Problem Words
  • Webster's Dictionary
  • Braille Formats (BANA rules for transcribing textbooks)
  • Reading List

    Other Resources
  • Contact instructor
  • Online gradebook
  • Flashcard program (Java)
  • Downloadable Software
  • Braille Supplies

    Other Links
  • American Printing House for the Blind (APH)
  • Braille Authority of North America (BANA)
  • National Braille Association (NBA)
  • National Library Service (NLS, Library of Congress)

  • Text Version

    12. Initial-letter Contractions

    1. Are subject to the general rules for the use of contractions.
    2. May be used as parts of words only when they retain their original sounds.
      (time)li(ness) (th)(under) (there)(in)
      c(en)time laund(er) e(the)r(ea)l
      sur(name) (had)n't ad(here)
      (en)amel Hades sh(er)esy

    3. Special rules for certain part-word contractions:
      1. The contractions one is used whenever the letters o and n fall in the same syllable, regardless of the pronunciation.
        m(one)t(ar)y h(one)(st)y
        phonetic ph(one)
        anemone g(one)

      2. The contraction some is used only when it retains the sound of the word some, and where its letters form a complete syllable in the base word.
        h(and)(some) h(and)(some)r
        blossom(ed) (ch)romosome
        som(er)sault gasomet(er)

      3. The contraction part is used except where the prefix par is followed by any form of the word take.
        re(part)ee p(ar)tak(en)
        S(part)an p(ar)tak(er)
        (part)ial p(ar)took

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