BRL: Braille through Remote Learning


BRL Courses
  • Introduction to Braille
  • Transcribers Course
  • Special Codes Course

    BRL Reference Desk
  • Summary of Rules
  • Contractions Lookup
  • Contractions List
  • Braille only contractions
  • Problem Words
  • Webster's Dictionary
  • Braille Formats (BANA rules for transcribing textbooks)
  • Reading List

    Other Resources
  • Contact instructor
  • Online gradebook
  • Flashcard program (Java)
  • Downloadable Software
  • Braille Supplies

    Other Links
  • American Printing House for the Blind (APH)
  • Braille Authority of North America (BANA)
  • National Braille Association (NBA)
  • National Library Service (NLS, Library of Congress)

  • Text Version

    3. Single-letter Contractions

    1. May represent whole words only, and no letters or contractions may be added to form other words.
      butt(er) hav(en)'t (Er)(in) Go Bra(gh)
      canopy go(ing) do, re, me, so
      don't William peoples

    2. May be followed by the apostrophe
      1. To form familiar conbinations, but never rare or colloquial forms.
        (that)'ll (you)'re y(ou)'s
        (can)'t (you)'ve d'y(ou)
        (it)'s (you)'d

      2. To form possessives.
        (Will)'s hat (Ed) (More)'s dog (can)'s label

    3. May be used with the hyphen
      1. To form hyphenated compound words.
        m(er)ry-(go)-r(ound) self-(knowledge)
        (people)-to-(people) doll-like

      2. But may never form parts of words divided at the end of a line or parts of syllabized words.

    4. Require the double capital sign when fully capitalized.
      (AS) (YOU) (LIKE) (IT)

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    Copyright © 1998