BRL: Braille through Remote Learning


BRL Courses
  • Introduction to Braille
  • Transcribers Course
  • Special Codes Course

    BRL Reference Desk
  • Summary of Rules
  • Contractions Lookup
  • Contractions List
  • Braille only contractions
  • Problem Words
  • Webster's Dictionary
  • Braille Formats (BANA rules for transcribing textbooks)
  • Reading List

    Other Resources
  • Contact instructor
  • Online gradebook
  • Flashcard program (Java)
  • Downloadable Software
  • Braille Supplies

    Other Links
  • American Printing House for the Blind (APH)
  • Braille Authority of North America (BANA)
  • National Braille Association (NBA)
  • National Library Service (NLS, Library of Congress)

  • Text Version

    4. Contractions and, for, of, the, and with

    1. As whole-word contractions
      1. These contractions and the word a should follow one another unspaced except where punctuation or composition signs intervene.
        He (was) (one) (of)(the) gr(ou)p (and)(for)a l(ong) (time) l(ed) (it). (Wh)at (were) (you) look(ing) (for)a mo(ment) ago? (And), (of) c(ou)rse, (you) (ar)e (right). (And) (The) (Lord) (said) ...

      2. Require the double capital sign when fully capitalized.
        G(ONE) (WITH) (THE) (WIND)

    2. As part-word contractions
      1. Are subject to the general rules for use of contractions.
      2. Are used wherever they occur within a word.
        (And)rew (for)t (of)f(er)
        h(and)le ef(for)t pr(of)it
        b(and) Du(for) ro(of)

        (the)n (with)(in)
        o(the)r (where)(with)al
        wri(the) (here)(with)

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