English Braille
American Edition



Definition of Braille

Rules of Braille
  1. Punctuation Signs
  2. Special Composition Signs
  3. Format
  4. Asterisk, Footnotes, References
  5. Accent Sign, Diphthongs, Foreign Languages
  6. Abbreviations
  7. Numbers and Roman Numerals
  8. Coinage, Weights, and Other Special Symbols
  9. Poetry, Scansion, and Stress
  10. General Use of Contractions
  11. One-cell whole-word contractions
  12. One-cell part-word contractions
  13. Lower Signs
  14. Initial-letter contractions
  15. Final-letter contractions
  16. Short-form words

  • Index
    Typical and Problem Words

  • Index
    BRL Courses
  • Intro to Braille
  • Braille Transcribers
  • Specialized Codes

  •   c.  Insofar as possible, avoid carrying parts of questions over to another braille page. If a question is too long to be completed on one braille page, without undue waste of space, divide the question at a logical break in thought which will minimize referring back and forth between the braille pages.

      d.  In tests which direct that the answers be written on a separate sheet, list all answer choices in column form, and complete each choice on a single braille line if the choice itself does not require more than one braille line.

      e.  In tests employing the underscoring method, it is not necessary to write the choices in column form, but each answer choice should be completed on the line of braille on which it begins, if it does not itself require more than one braille line. In order to give adequate space for underscoring, leave a blank line after each answer choice.
      (Note: This practice should be used in test materials intended for one-time use. In permanently bound texts, the print copy should be followed as to spacing and columnar form, and directions should be inserted for writing the answers separately, in order not to mutilate the text.)

      f.  In true-false tests (which are designed for underscoring), write the question first, and the letters T and F (omitting the capital or letter sign and parentheses) at the end of the question. The T and the F should be separated by two spaces from the end of the question, and from each other. Blank lines should be left between questions to facilitate underscoring.   (Note:  As in §e. above.)

      7.  Outlines:  (See also Code of Braille Textbook Formats and Techniques, most recent edition.) In writing outlines, considerable space can be saved by using the following form:
      (1) Begin each main division in the third cell of the braille line.

      (2) Indent successively two additional cells for the beginning of each subdivision.

      (3) Bring all runovers of each main division, or subdivision, to the margin. Ex:
      I.----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------      A.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------         1.------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------            a.---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------               (I)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                  (A)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------