English Braille
American Edition
1994


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Definition of Braille

Rules of Braille
  1. Punctuation Signs
  2. Special Composition Signs
  3. Format
  4. Asterisk, Footnotes, References
  5. Accent Sign, Diphthongs, Foreign Languages
  6. Abbreviations
  7. Numbers and Roman Numerals
  8. Coinage, Weights, and Other Special Symbols
  9. Poetry, Scansion, and Stress
  10. General Use of Contractions
  11. One-cell whole-word contractions
  12. One-cell part-word contractions
  13. Lower Signs
  14. Initial-letter contractions
  15. Final-letter contractions
  16. Short-form words

Appendices
  • Index
    Typical and Problem Words

    Indices
  • Index
    BRL Courses
  • Intro to Braille
  • Braille Transcribers
  • Specialized Codes


    BRL REFERENCE DESK

    BANA Resources Tools and resources Organizations

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  • RULE XI - ONE-CELL WHOLE-WORD CONTRACTIONS


    Sign Word Sign Word Sign Word
    b        but p        people =        for
    c        can q        quite (        of
    d        do r        rather !        the
    e        every s        so )        with
    f        from t        that *        child
    g         go u        us %        shall
    h        have v        very ?        this
    j        just w        will :        which
    k        knowledge x        it \        out
    l        like y        you /         still
    m        more z        as
    n        not &        and
    36. When any of the above one-cell whole-word contractions is separated by a space from other letters or contractions, it is read as a word, regardless of meaning, except when "do" and "so" refer to musical notes. These contractions may be preceded by the contractions for "to," "into," and "by." Ex:

    You can have this can of fruit.
    ,y c h ? c ( fruit4

    He will make a new will.
    ,he w make a new w4

    to have 6h      by that 0t        into it 96x

    a. One-cell whole-word contractions may be joined to other words by the hyphen to form genuine hyphenated compound words, but, with the exception of "and," "for," "of," "the," and "with," they may not be used to form parts of words when divided at the end of the line. Ex:

    still-life /-life so-called s-call$
    merry-go-round m]ry-g-r.d
    out-of-the-way \-(-!-way
    childish *ildi% stillness /ill;s
    moreover moreov] forthwith =?)
    with- )- which- :i*-
    out \t ever "e
    more- more- every- "ey-
    over ov] body body
    b. One-cell whole-word contractions may be used when followed by the apostrophe only in the familiar word combinations listed below. However, they should not be used after the apostrophe, nor in rare or colloquial forms, such as "d'you," "you's," "more'n," "which'll," etc. Ex:

    can's c's can't c't child's *'s
    people'sp's so's s's still's /'s
    that'd t'd that'll t'll that's t's
    will's w's it'd x'd it'll x'll

    it's x's you'd y'd
    you'll y'll
    you're y're you've y've
    c. One-cell whole-word contractions may be used to represent proper names, and, as such, they may be followed by the apostrophe "s." (For anglicized proper names see Rule V, §24.a.(2).) Ex:

    Thomas More ,?omas ,m

    Will Rogers ,w ,rog]s

    Will's hat ,w's hat

    Will's my friend. ,w's my fr4

    37. The word signs "a," "and," "for," "of," "the," and "with" should follow one another without a space between. They should not be written together when punctuation or composition signs occur between them. Ex:

    He is with the officer of the watch.
    ,he is )! (fic] (! wat*4

    The end of a perfect day.
    ,! 5d (a p]fect "d4

    And of course you are right.
    ,&( c\rse y >e "r4

    And, of course, you are right.
    ,&1 ( c\rse1 y >e "r4

    Him we think of and love.
    ,hm we ?9k (& love4

    and The Lord said & ,! ,"l sd

    GONE WITH THE WIND
    ,,g"o ,,) ,,! ,,w9d

    Prepare for the sacrifice.
    ,prep>e = .! sacrifice4



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