BRL: Braille through Remote Learning


BRL Courses
  • Introduction to Braille
  • Transcribers Course
  • Special Codes Course

    BRL Reference Desk
  • Summary of Rules
  • Contractions Lookup
  • Contractions List
  • Braille only contractions
  • Problem Words
  • Webster's Dictionary
  • Braille Formats (BANA rules for transcribing textbooks)
  • Reading List

    Other Resources
  • Contact instructor
  • Online gradebook
  • Flashcard program (Java)
  • Downloadable Software
  • Braille Supplies

    Other Links
  • American Printing House for the Blind (APH)
  • Braille Authority of North America (BANA)
  • National Braille Association (NBA)
  • National Library Service (NLS, Library of Congress)

  • Summary of Rules for Use of Contractions

    There are 13 pages of rules on the use of contractions in Grade 2 braille. These pages are accessible from the Table of Contents below.

    Table of Contents

    1. General Rules for Use of Contractions
    2. Choice between Alternative Contractions
    3. Single Letter Contractions
    4. Contractions: and, for, of, the, with
    5. Contractions: child, shall, this, which, out, still
    6. Part-word contractions
    7. Whole-word lower sign contractions: his, was, were, be, in, enough
    8. Rules for use of lower sign contractions
    9. Part-word lower sign contractions
    10. Whole-word lower sign contractions: to, into, by
    11. Double-letter contractions: bb,cc,dd,ff,gg, ea
    12. Initial letter contractions
    13. Final letter contractions and short form words